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(Sustainable Recovery, Reprocessing and Reuse of Rare-Earth Magnets in a circular Economy) - This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme. The aim of this project is to develop a recycling supply chain for rare earth magnets in the EU and to demonstrate these new materials on a pilot scale within a range of application sectors.

This project will identify, separate, recycle and demonstrate recycled magnets at a pilot scale with several highly skilled professionals, based in different locations across the EU. They will target three of the main application sectors including automotive, electronics and wind turbines.

For more detail about the project you can view the website here.


To establish a stable and secure supply of critical rare earth elements based on a sustainable extraction from European apatite sources used in fertiliser production.

Pilot processes will be developed for the innovative extraction, separation and transformation of rare earth elements. SecREEts pilots will focus on the metals Praseodymium (Pr), Neodymium (Nd) and Dysprosium (Dy) used in permanent magnets, as these are extremely critical for the European economy. These REEs will be supplied to application areas like automotive (electric vehicles), industrial motors (advanced manufacturing) and, potentially, clean energies (wind turbines).

You can view the progress here.


This project aims to upscale and introduce to the market a new NdFeB powder better suited for 3D printing technology. NdFeB magnets contain around 30 wt-% of Nd and Dy, both classified as critical raw materials by the EU.

The developed powder enables 3D printing of optimized magnet configurations for e-drives needed in future mobility applications with reduced waste. This will be the first high performance spherical NdFeB powder in the market tailored for use in 3D printing.

For more detail about the project you can view the website here.


The goal of the UPGRADE project is to design and achieve a fine microstructure in the strip-cast ribbons that leads to high coercive NdFeB permanent magnets. Once the microstructure and homogeneity of the ribbons will be optimized for one or several compositions, the up-scaling and transfer of the strip-casting conditions will be performed.

Preliminary results from the UpMagnet fast track project in 2017 have demonstrated the potential coercivity increase achievable with fine-grained NdFeB magnets based on optimized ribbons. The complete value chain of the magnet industry will be present in the international consortium including research institutes and alloys supplier, a magnet manufacturer and an end user for assessment.

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The SCALE project sets about to develop and secure a European Scandium (Sc) supply chain through the development of technological innovations, which will allow the extraction of Sc from European industrial residues. This will be achieved through the development of a number of innovative extraction, separation, refining and alloying technologies that will be validated in an appropriate laboratory and bench scale environment to prove their technical and economic feasibility.

For more detail about the project you can view the website here.